What is the name of this plant has dazzling look like leaves?

What is the name of this plant has dazzling look like leaves?

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I am living in India. My neighbours are growing this plant and they even don't know what it was, but its leaves really dazzled me.

It is Jatropha podagrica also known as Buddha Belly.

It comes under succulent plants.


What is the name of this plant has dazzling look like leaves? - Biology

The Chenille Plant - Everbloomer

By Laurelynn Martin and Byron Martin

The Chenille Plant has been well-loved at Logee&rsquos for many years. Whenever, you visit Logee&rsquos you will almost always see the everblooming Chenille plants lining the benches, showing off their dazzling, fuzzy bloom.

Today, when I walked through the greenhouses the long drooping catkins (flowers) of the chenille plant seemed brighter and more cheery than usual. June sunshine is much brighter and intense than even the March sunshine just several months ago. So of course, this would make sense because the chenille plant loves bright sunny light, which brings out the richness of color in its blooms.

Another, observation I had was Chenille plant&rsquos versatility. All in the same space I noticed the two different varieties that we grow and their subtle differences in shape and culture.

Acalypha hispida &ldquoChenille Plant&rdquo also known as &ldquoRed Hot Cattails&rdquo makes an eye-catching standard, where the central stem is trimmed clean of all leaves and flowers and left with a full crown on top.

Acalypha hispida can also be grown in a hanging basket or trained to have a central stem with flowers and leaves cascading off the stem for the entire height.

Another notable difference is the length of the catkins. The length of the fuzzy catkins is longer than our other variety and resembles a show girls&rsquo boa, hence its other common name &ldquoRed Hot Cattails.&rdquo

The other variety we grow called Acalypha pendula &ldquoStrawberry Firetails&rdquo has plumper and shorter fuzzy red catkins. And, like its name implies, the flowers pedulate and are shown off when grown as a hanging basket.

Care for both varieties are simple. Full sun, lots of water and fertilizer, especially in the active growing season. They can be grown outside year-round in Zone 10 or higher or simply bring outside seasonally if in the north.

Waxy Leaf Houseplant

Houseplants are usually tropical or desert plants that may not grow well outdoors in Mediterranean climates. Common house plants include the wax plant (Hoya carnosa), which is very adaptable to indoor environments, says North Carolina State Extension. Outside, it's a good groundcover, but indoors it's best for hanging baskets. The wax plant has thick, waxy leaves that are sometimes variegated.

Peperomias are small plants with thick, waxy leaves, and may vary greatly in leaf size and shape with an upright to mounding habit. The popular jade plant (Crassula spp.) produces thick, succulent, waxy leaves some variegated varieties are available. All are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 to 11 outside, but inside can be grown nearly anywhere.

Fire Followers: Dazzling display of plants to follow California wildfires

Ann Croissant, president of the Glendora Community Conservancy and the San Gabriel Mountains Conservancy, gets excited as she discovers that the thread-leafed brodiaea survived after being burned from the recent Colby Fire at Glendora Conservancy land along Colby Trail in Glendora on Jan. 21.

Act one of a Southern California wildfire features walls of flames, flying embers, dense smoke and charred rubble.

Most residents aren’t aware of the drama’s delayed second act starring fire followers. These can be dormant wildflowers resurrecting as rudimentary stalks, popping up from black ash and turning into show-stopping pallets of purples, fuchsias and yellows. Or they can be opportunistic black-backed woodpeckers, house wrens and flycatchers feasting on a fresh array of insects, or furry-tailed mule deer grazing on new-growth grasses sprung by a suddenly cleared understory.

In short, the natural ecology of the chaparral-covered mountains and the coastal sage scrub habitats enable numerous plant and animal species to survive, even flourish, after a fire. A fire or some other disturbance such as erosion, almost always triggers the plant’s survival mechanism, say scientists.

Unlike animals, plants don’t flee fire. They stay. And they benefit.

Heat from a forest fire cracks open seeds of plants and certain pine trees, leading to germination. Chemicals from charred wood stimulate the reproductive system of many native plants. Phosphorous — the white residue from burned leaves add to the nutrients in the soil. Levels of nitrogen, an essential element for life, increase in the soil of a charred hillside.

“What most people don’t understand is when they look up at the hillside say after the Colby Fire and they say it is a moonscape. That is the way it is supposed to be. It is the natural way of things,” explained Rick Halsey, director of the California Chaparral Institute in San Diego.

The Colby Fire burned nearly 2,000 acres, destroyed five homes and damaged 17 structures in and around Glendora and Azusa and the Angeles National Forest last month. The oaks are singed but not destroyed, the fire followers waiting in the wings.

The recent conflagration reminded Altadena historian Michele Zack of the 2009 Station Fire, which burned 161,000 acres from La Ca󱫚 Flintridge to Sunland in the largest fire in Los Angeles County history. The fire claimed the lives of two firefighters.

Zack, who has written several books on the history of Altadena and Sierra Madre, remembers a walk sponsored by Altadena Heritage just seven months after the fire. Eighteen-inch tall stems attached to lavish purple flowers, known as Phacelia grandiflora, grew up in waves around the blackened manzanita bushes of El Prieto Canyon.

Homeowner Theo Clark, whose house was once owned by Owen Brown, son of John Brown, the abolitionist from Harper’s Ferry was saved by firefighters, led the walk that May day in 2010. He said after 32 years of living in the canyon, he had never before seen the Phacelia bloom.

Phacelia grandiflora is one of several native plants listed by Halsey as 𠇎ndemic or frequent fire followers.” Others include: whispering bells, popcorn flower, fire poppies, lupine and snapdragon. These appear after a fire, he said.

Other native plants can re-sprout after a fire, or their seeds can be germinated by a fire. Golden eardrops, or their official name, Ehrendorferia chrysantha, need fire to germinate, according to a late 2012 article published in The Wildlife Professional, a research journal.

The article, 𠇊 New Forest Fire Paradigm,” said that while forest fires damage property or take life and are viewed as catastrophic by the general public, in actuality they are 𠇋oth natural and necessary to maintain the integrity of dynamic, disturbance-adapted forest systems.” The authors, like many others in the field, advocate for a new paradigm which says forest fires are 𠇊n ecological necessity.”

Just five days after the fire had consumed a major portion of the Glendora and Azusa hillsides, Ann Croissant, the founder and board president of the Glendora Community Conservancy did not know what to expect.

In 1991, this area was the first piece of land preserved by the group. With the help of $1.5 million in voter-approved Proposition A dollars, the conservancy bought 50 acres of the oak-studded Colby Canyon and lilting meadows once used as citrus groves now being restored to their natural habitat.

Though that number has grown to 700 acres preserved, 400 or so suffered damage in the Colby Fire.

The conservancy’s first purchase launched a movement that later included other conservancies among them the state San Gabriel & Lower Los Angeles Rivers and Mountains Conservancy. The purchase directly prevented a 30-home development.

The reason? The discovery of a federally and state-listed endangered plant, the thread-leaved brodiaea, or Brodiaea filifolia. Before that day in 1991, the shy, violet-flowered plant was seen in one other spot in California, the species-rich Santa Rosa Plateau in Riverside County.

If the Colby fire was too hot, it may have wiped out the plants, roots and all. A 𠇌ooler” fire could actually stimulate bloom volumes two-to-threefold come May, when the city celebrates Brodiaea Month.

Within minutes, Croissant spotted green shoots of the brodiaea poking through the shiny black ash. This was new growth.

“You can see them over there. Look! Look!,” Croissant was now jumping up and down. “They are all over. They are coming back. There are whole clusters out here.”

Halsey said the brodiaea existed before the fire but is aided by the clearing out of other weeds and branches that blocked the sun’s rays. “Once the fire came through, it threw up its leaves and said wow, what is happening? The physiological response tells the bulb it is time to party,” Halsey said.

Red clay earth protected the brodiaea’s unique roots, Croissant said. Sometimes plants bulbs or corms can lay dormant for years. Halsey said a plant can remain absent for centuries only to be awakened by a fire.

Though no one will know until May, Croissant believes the brodiaea’s purple blooms could be bigger and better than 2012, when the number of plants grew from 900 in three different hillsides in Glendora, to 7,000 plants. “We may have double or triple the blooms this year,” she said.

A post-fire laboratory

Scientists expect to see fire follower plants this spring in the area of the Springs Fire, which burned 24,000 acres in Ventura County and into western Los Angeles County in May. It also destroyed 15 homes. The same could be true of the area burned by the Powerhouse Fire in North Los Angeles County, also in May.

“You will find all those same things out there: Plants that require heat for seeds to crack they may germinate that year. These would include mountain lilac and bush poppy,” Halsey said.

However, scientists point out differences among the coastal sage scrub habitat and that of the chaparral found farther inland. Less is known about fire followers in coastal areas because most of that habitat has been destroyed by development. Some say chaparral habitat is more resilient.

The other factor is moisture.

Climatologists predict little-to-no rain this year, as Southern California enters the third straight year of a drought. But that may not stop fire followers, Halsey pointed out, only delay their debut for a year or two. “They can hang out for a couple of years and not germinate and wait for rain,” he said.

Croissant said the recent rains have gently moistened the burned-out soil, preparing it to take more precipitation. “We are expecting a phenomenal bloom in May,” she predicted.

Edward Bobich, a professor of biology at Cal Poly Pomona, has studied a different kind of fire follower, the Southern California black walnut tree.

Though once dominant in the Hollywood Hills, Santa Monica Mountains and coastal ranges, this tree has nearly left the area due to development. Significant last stands can be found in Chino Hills State Park and near Bonelli Regional Park in San Dimas, where a fire burned a hillside nearly 10 years ago.

A burned out walnut tree can grow a new shoot up to 5 feet in length in a year, he said. “The plant resprouts from the base. It has a woody tuber that produces new stems,” Bobich said.

To plant or not

Fires have generated the debate: Do you replant or not?

Most botanists and fire ecology experts say the answer is no.

𠇊s a biologist, I would say planting trees, whether native or non-native, is a bad idea,” Bobich said. Instead, the best thing to do is to clear away invasive species such as mustard grass to make way for native plant rebirth, something the fire has already started,” he said.

Lili Singer, a horticulturist and director of special projects with the Theodore Payne Foundation in Sun Valley, an organization specializing in nurturing and distribution of native, drought-resistant plants, said the thinking in the last 10 years has moved away from re-planting in a burned out forest or chaparral hillside.

“The Earth has a way of healing itself,” Singer said.

Croissant will do replanting on March 1 but only in a nearby meadow not touched by the fire. There, where citrus groves have denuded the natural landscape, she’s planting a Children’s Forest with oaks, native plants such as clarkias and poppies, that will restore the area to its original form.

While standing on the ash-covered meadow where the brodiaea are sprouting, she said the best thing to do there is nothing.

Halsey agreed. 𠇎veryone wants to plant trees or make the black go away,” Halsey said. “People are impatient. The best thing to do is accept the fact this area burned and nature will recover without our help.”

Dandelion and cat’s ear

For our plant comparison we are going to look at dandelion (which most people know) and cat’s ear (a similar looking plant). Beginning with this image of a lush dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), we can see lots of flower heads and a number of new heads forming, along with some closed heads which bloomed recently. The dandelion could almost be an evergreen plant as it seems to grow year-round — at least whenever the temperature stays above freezing. Let’s go through the dandelion’s life cycle and then check out the cat’s ear similarities and differences.

The dandelion’s flower head begins developing low in the center of the rosette of leaves.

Gradually, the stem supporting the new flower head elongates until it rises well above the basal rosette.

The dandelion’s hollow stem exudes a milky white substance (a type of latex) when broken. After the flower head has blossomed, it closes in on itself . . .

. . . converts those fertilized ovaries to seeds with wings . . .

. . . and re-opens to create the familiar seed head which, once again, rises high above the basal rosette of leaves.

Note the fleshy stem supporting the seed head. Here’s a closer view of that head with its symmetrical arrangement of the winged seeds.

After all the seeds have dispersed, what remains is the head’s receptacle. It, too, has a lovely pattern.

Here is a final view of a dandelion plant. You can see that most of its flowers have converted to seeds and/or have sent the new seeds on their way — to the irritation of people who want perfect lawns — and to the delight of herbalists and wild food foragers.

Cat’s ear (Hypochoeris radicata) looks, on first glance, very much like the dandelion — especially when you see an area full of the plants.

Let’s look more closely at this plant. Here is its flower head . . .

. . . which, in isolation, looks like a dandelion flower head. However, note its more wiry stem in the photo above and the next photo.

You can see a developing flower head in the background of the above photo. This flower head looks similar to — and yet, different from — the dandelion flower head. The difference is subtle.

As we stand back and look at the entire cat’s ear plant, we can see its flower heads rise on stems above the basal rosette of leaves.

Although frequently a single flower head grows on a single stem (like the dandelion), it is just as likely the cat’s ear flower heads will appear on a branched stem. In contrast, the dandelion’s single flower head will only appear by itself on an unbranched stem. Along with the branched stems, this next photo shows the wiriness of the stems and the different looking unopened flower heads.

After the flower heads have bloomed and become seeds, the heads re-open and spread their winged seeds — just like the dandelion.

Here’s a view of the basal rosette of a cat’s ear plant.

And this is where we can finally see some distinguishing characteristics between dandelion and cat’s ear. The cat’s ear leaves are quite hairy while the dandelion leaves are smooth. When you look closely at the shape of the leaves — by placing them side by side — you can see the dandelion is definitely sharply toothed, with its teeth pointing back toward the center of the plant.

Those softly hairy leaves probably account for the common name given to cat’s ear.

A Brief History of the Strawberry Plant

For a brief history of the strawberry plant, it is easiest to begin with Fragaria vesca. This species of strawberry plant is native throughout the Northern Hemisphere and goes by many different names. The varying names for Fragaria vesca include: the woodland strawberry, wood strawberry, wild strawberry, European strawberry, fraises des bois, and alpine strawberry (more specifically, the alpine strawberry plant is generally understood to be of the cultivated, everbearing type).

Genetically, an ancestor to the Fragaria vesca species (which is diploid) likely formed a hybrid strawberry plant with an ancestor to the Fragaria iinumae (which is also diploid) to eventually produce the octoploid strawberry plants. The exact hybridization and speciation process that resulted in the formation of an octoploid strawberry plant is not currently known. However, both Fragaria virginiana and Fragaria chiloensis (both octoploid) appear to be genetically identical, and, as a result, all the cultivated varieties of garden strawberries also carry the same genetic complement.

Fragaria vesca strawberries have long been consumed by humans. Archaeological evidence suggests human consumption as far back as the Stone Age. The first cultivated strawberries were grown in ancient Persia. The fruit from these Persian-cultivated strawberry plants was referred to as Toot Farangi. The seeds of this strawberry plant traveled both east and west along the Silk Road and were being widely cultivated from Europe to the Far East.

The first recorded documented botanical illustration of a strawberry plant is believed to be from 1454. A depiction in Herbaries was included as a figure.

Additionally, the American Indians were already consuming native strawberries and using them for culinary purposes prior to the arrival of European colonists. It is believed that Strawberry Shortcake was developed by the colonists by modifying an Indian recipe that created “strawberry bread” by mixing and then baking crushed strawberries with cornmeal.

By the 18th century, Fragaria vesca began to be replaced by Fragaria x ananassa, the Garden Strawberry. This transition occurred because of the desirable traits exhibited by the newly bred strawberry plant: larger fruit and greater variation (easier to breed). The first strawberry hybrid, “Hudson,” was developed later (1780) in the United States.

This new strawberry plant (the Garden Strawberry) was bred in 1740 in Brittany, France, from a North American strawberry plant and a South American strawberry plant. The colonists had been shipping North American strawberry plants back to Europe as early as 1600, and the conquistadors had identified another strawberry plant variety they called “futilla.” The Fragaria virginiana plant was noted for its pleasing flavor and came from the eastern region of what would become the United States of America. The Fragaria chiloensis was noted for its large size and was brought by Amédée- François Frézier from the regions of Argentina and Chile. The breeding was a success as the Garden Strawberry plant has now become the strawberry plant of choice for most commercial and home strawberry growers.

In the early 19th century, strawberry plant cultivation increased dramatically in the United States as ice cream with strawberries became a popular dessert. New York became a strawberry hub in those days. Railroads and refrigerated rail cars allowed the production of strawberries to spread, most notably to Tennessee, Arkansas, Florida, and Louisiana.

Currently, the vast majority of North American strawberries are grown in California (about 75%).

With strawberry plant selection and breeding practices, cultivars have been created that have drastically increased the size of the strawberries. The early strawberry plants had fruit that was very small. Now, many strawberry plants will produce berries that require multiple bites!

Also, with the onset of genomics and gene mapping, the alpine strawberry plant has now become the focus of strawberry plant research. Since it is easy to propagate, has a reproductive cycle of 14-15 weeks in a controlled environment, and has a very small genome size, this strawberry plant has become adopted as a genetic model for the Garden Strawberry specifically and the Rosaceae family generally. It is used as an indicator plant for disease research.

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What are True Leaves?

If you are anything like me, you might be wondering what they hell that means and if there are fake leaves.

When seedlings sprout, often there are two-sets of leaves that form first. They look almost four-leaf clover like. A few days later a third single leaf will emerge that doesn’t look like the first two. That’s the first true leaf.

When the first true leaves emerge that is usually when you can start fertilizing, transplanting, thinning or doing whatever else you are going to do.

So that’s what true leaves mean figuratively and literally. Now can we come up with a better name for them – maybe third-leaf?! What would a better name be?


Agata Pietrzak/Shutterstock

Many linden trees, those from the genus Tilia, are highly respected suppliers of edible leaves. They go by names like basswood and lime (but not the citrus), and we know them best as lining streets or acting as windbreaks. They have lots of leaves, perfect for providing shade and slowing down winter gusts, which is why they work well for those other tasks, but it’s also why we are talking about them today as a source of food.

The leaves of linden trees are said to taste good, along the lines of salad but with a bit more mucilage in the texture. Nevertheless, those abundant leaves can be eaten throughout the spring, summer, and fall. As with kale and other greens, young leaves are the most tender and pleasing to the pallet, but even mature leaves are edible. Not much is known about the nutritive value of linden leaves, but they are believed to be a good source of anti-oxidants.

Dasylirion aff. leiophyllum

Dasylirions are surprisingly hardy in PDX despite being more common in hot gardens further south. Wet feet will do them in, but in a hot well drained spot, there are lots of options. Dasylirion aff. leiophyllum is so dramatic when the sun hits and shows off those sharp edges. Zone 7. Photo by Karl Gercens III.

Sensitive plant

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

Sensitive plant, (Mimosa pudica), also called humble plant, plant in the pea family (Fabaceae) that responds to touch and other stimulation by rapidly closing its leaves and drooping. Native to South and Central America, the plant is a widespread weed in tropical regions and has naturalized elsewhere in warm areas. It is commonly grown as a curiosity in greenhouses.

The plant is a spiny subshrub and grows to a height of about 30 cm (1 foot). It has compound leaves and small globular pink or mauve flower puffs. The plant’s unusually quick response to touch is due to rapid water release from specialized cells located at the bases of leaflet and leaf stalks. The leaves reopen in several minutes, and it is thought that this adaptation is a defense against browsing herbivores who may be startled by the movement. In addition to its response to physical stimuli, the leaves also droop in response to darkness and reopen with daylight, a phenomenon known as nyctinastic movement.

Wild sensitive plant, or sensitive partridge pea (Chamaecrista nictitans), also exhibits sensitivity to touch but to a lesser degree. It is native to the eastern U.S. and the West Indies.

This article was most recently revised and updated by Melissa Petruzzello, Assistant Editor.

Watch the video: Haltungstipps für Phyllium giganteum (September 2022).


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