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So for the last few days I have been noticing these small bugs in my bathroom -- they don't appear frequently, and I see them once or twice a month. The characteristics and behavior I observed are as follows :
- They RARELY move around.
- They are extremely flat, like totally flat
- Some are small, some are big (but still the overall size is small)
Below are the pictures :
I cropped this picture since the original size was 5mbs and the limit was only 2. If anyone wants the original image I can inbox them .
Appreciate any help or suggestion with this :)
EDIT 2 I am adding another image for greater clarity , hope this helps
Location: Karachi Pakistan.
Size: 0.2-0.4 cm
As for nearby animal populations: No not much, just the usual street cats.
For a few months these bugs were gone until recently they have started to appear in the bathroom, like I see them 2-3x a month just sitting still for hours and hours.
Definitely an arachnid and mite (subclass Acari), and very likely a member of the order Parasitiformes, of which there are more than 100,000 species!!
Your specimen brings to mind the family Argasidae (the "soft ticks" -- so called because they lack a hard scutum).
Specifically, your specimen reminds me of Argas reflexus, the pigeon tick. (which has been found to be an increasing pest and human concern in urban settings).
Credit: Milan Kudlička
Based on the size of your specimen, I would guess you're looking at a non-adult stage.
However, this is just a guess, and I will try to explore other species in this general group to see if I can come up with a better-supported guess.
(By the way: any pigeons living nearby??)
CLOSED: Flat Shiny Bugs on Outside of House and in Basement
I've noticed over the past few weeks these small, flat black bugs (seem to be a little shiny when hitting them with a light) that are all over the outside of the house and garage. I assume it's just the time of year. However, this evening I was cleaning the basement and come to find out that these same bugs are all over the basement. It seems they are coming in through small (can't even see them) cracks between the foundation and the house (where it connects, not sure what to call it). It's very nasty. I've been unable to find out what these things are by doing a search on the web. I can't get a picture of them as they are to small. Anyone have any idea what these are and if it's something that will go away in a few weeks or that I need to worry about?
OK, now I'm finding a few upstairs as well. Must be that I'm looking for them now.
Well, if they aren't carpenter ants or termites, they're nothing I would "worry" about, really. my favorite weapon against indoor critters is a shop vac.
We need more to go on besides small and black - how small, etc.
Yeah, they definitely aren't ants or termites. It seems they showed up when the weather got colder and it started raining a lot.
It's tough to really give more. They are thin, black, shiny, have antenna.
Oh well, I will just call the local pest control person and ask him tomorrow as I'm sure this is an area thing and not just me, since they appeared so suddenly. He may be able to tell me what they are.
Pest Control wasn't really sure and I'm not going to pay them to come look. Their first thought was Box Elder bugs but these are smaller than that and aren't anything like a beetle.
Wish I could be less vague on what they look like.
Try clicking on the critter that looks the most like your bug on the left, and from there you can click on different 'taxa', (order, family, genus, etc.) to navigate towards an ID
None of those pics looks like it. I've seen pictures of silverfish and they are similar in shape, but much smaller and don't crawl very fast. Not sure if that helps.
They seem to be active at night as I just went into my basement and was hard pressed to even find one of them. My gut tells me they come inside the house at night where it's warm and when day comes they go back outside. I guess it's possible they are hiding out in the basement, but I really saw only 2 in a good inspection just now. Last night I saw hundreds.
I think I've figured out why they came into the house. These bugs seem to come out right at dusk (when I see them on the siding of the house and garage). I was in the basement at this time with the lights on cleaning it and I think they saw the light through small cracks (that I may not even see) and came towards it. Last night I saw a few on the floor of the basement but there weren't any in the areas where they seemed to be entering the basement. So hopefully the ones that are in there will die in a few days and the others won't come back as long as leave the light off until the season for them is over. I did buy some caulk last night so I'll be sealing a few areas where I know they came in (from the outside) just to help prevent insects coming in (as well as air going out to help save electricity in the winter).
If I ever find out what they are, I'll let you know, but at this point the difference between last night and the night before was 100 times better.
If they are really tiny, could they be Springtails?
Thank you for this link. I had thought it might be Springtails but the pics I saw didn't look it. After looking at the page I'm 100% sure that's what these are.
It also says they thrive in moist soil and mulch. So it makes sense they all of a sudden appeared over the past few weeks with all the rain we've had. I also have a mulch pile lying about 10 feet from the side of the house I noticed them on the most, so my bet is they are living there. I'll be working on getting rid of that mulch pile tonight.
Identification of a small flat bug - Biology
Subject: Bed Bug, Bat Bug ?
Location: New Jersey
January 22, 2013 2:49 am
found this near my bed in the middle of the night…It appears to have many similarities to a bed bug, but not sure.
Flat Bug or Minute Pirate Bug
This bug is narrower than any Bed Bug or Bat Bug images we have seen, but it does have some similarities. We checked BugGuide and found this image of a Minute Pirate Bug, Xylocoris cursitans, and it looks very similar to your Bug. The species page on BugGuide indicates they are found “under bark of dead trees.” Minute Pirate Bugs are in the family Anthocoridae, and according to BugGuide: “many are common on flowers and trees, some live under bark or in mammal/bird nests” where they feed on “small arthropods.” BugGuide also notes that: “Some species are used as biocontrol agents. Some may be a nuisance: they are known for their irritating bites, mostly after landing on one’s naked arm or neck.” Interestingly, according to BugGuide, both Bed Bugs and Minute Pirate Bugs are in the same superfamily Cimicoidea.
Minute Pirate Bug or Flat Bug
yes i do have a dead tree right outside my window, and the house I live in has issues being correctly sealed. Might you think that these bugs could live near where that gap isn’t correctly sealed along the floor board. Key question what are their typical habits, would they come in to bite me and leave, as this has been a long standing problem of mine and I have the bite marks to prove it.
Hi again Bryant,
We haven’t learned much about Minute Pirate Bugs, but if we do in the future, we will add to the posting.
We just received a comment indicating that this might be a Flat Bug in the genus Neuroctenus, and that also looks like a good possibility. We don’t feel there is enough detail to be certain. According to BugGuide, they are found: “mostly under bark, on fallen logs & tree limbs, bracket fungi.”
Identification of a small flat bug - Biology
Nutria are highly prolific and breed all year. Reproductive peaks occur in late winter, early summer, and mid-autumn. Reproduction and survival may be influenced by extreme weather conditions. Nutria reach sexual maturity at four to six months. Sexually mature male nutria can breed throughout the year. Females gestate for 128 to 130 days and are ready to breed within forty-eight hours after giving birth. Litters average four to five young however, nutria can have up to thirteen young per litter and may have three litters per year. Young are born fully furred and active, weighing 8 oz. at birth. They can swim and eat vegetation shortly thereafter, still nursing for up to eight weeks.
As an example of their proliferation: In 1938, twenty nutria were introduced into Louisiana and within twenty years, the nutria population exceeded 20 million animals. By 1962, the nutria had replaced the native muskrat as the leading furbearer in Louisiana.
With few natural predators to help control population growth, nutria populations in Maryland have grown rapidly. Population estimates on Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge increased from about 250 animals in 1968 to as many as 50,000 animals by the mid-1990s. At Tudor Farms, a 6,000-acre private wildlife management area adjacent to the refuge, populations between 1995 and 1998 were estimated at 17,000 to 24,000 animals. Random seasonal commercial trapping was unable to decrease the nutria population in these areas, necessitating implementation of the Chesapeake Bay Nutria Eradication Project in 2002 with the goal to eradicate nutria.
Nutria are frequently mistaken for beaver, muskrat, groundhog, and otter. However, several characteristics can aid in the correct identification.
Nutria have short legs and a robust, highly arched body that is approximately 24 inches long. Their round tail is from 13 to 16 inches long and scantily haired. Males are slightly larger than femalesthe average weight for each is about 12 pounds. Males and females may grow to 20 pounds and 18 pounds, respectively.
The dense grayish underfur is overlaid by long, glossy guard hairs that vary in color from dark brown to yellowish brown. The forepaws have four well-developed and clawed toes and one vestigial toe. Four of the five clawed toes on the hind foot are interconnected by webbing the fifth outer toe is free. The hind legs are much larger than the forelegs. When moving on land, a nutria may drag its chest and appear to hunch its back. Like beavers, nutria have large incisors that are yellow-orange to orange-red on their outer surfaces.
In addition to having webbed hind feet, nutria have several other adaptations to a semiaquatic life. The eyes, ears, and nostrils of nutria are set high on their heads. Additionally, the nostrils and mouth have valves that seal out water while swimming, diving, or feeding underwater. The teats of the female are located high on the sides, which allows the young to suckle while in the water. When pursued, nutria can swim long distances under water and see well enough to evade capture.
Muskrat fur is soft and velvety to touch, composed of an inner layer of soft, short fur protected by a layer of long, glossy guard hair. A muskrat will be 16 to 25 inches in total length with a tail 7 to 12 inches long. The tail is a distinctive identifier of this species because it is rat like, but flattened from side to side, rather than round. An adult weighs about 3 to 4 pounds.Young muskrats reproduce after 10 to 12 months.
The groundhog typically measures 16 to 26 inches long, including a 6-inch tail and weighing 4 to 9 lbs. In areas with fewer natural predators and large amounts of food, groundhogs can grow to 30 in and 31 lbs. Groundhogs are well adapted for digging, with short but powerful limbs and curved, thick claws.
Groundhogs are excellent burrowers. They hydrate through eating leafy plants rather than from a natural water source.
One litter is produced annually, usually containing 2–6 young, who are weaned and ready to seek their own dens at five to six weeks of age.
Beaver, the largest North American rodent, can weigh up to 100 pounds but this is unusual. The usual weights for beaver are from 35 to 68 pounds. Typical total length for this species is from 39 to 47 inches, and the large flat tail varies from 10 to 13 inches long and from 3.5 to 8 inches wide.
The large flat tail easily identifies this species. Other identifying characteristics are the hind feet which have four webbed toes and a fifth free toe that supports an articulating split nail used for grooming. The coat consists of two layers a coarse outer layer of guard hair, often yellowish to reddish in color, and a fine dense layer of underfur.
River otters are semiaquatic mammals, known for their playful behavior. Otters are large weasel-like animals that have long bodies, small ears, a broad snout, short legs with webbed feet, and a long hair-covered tail that is wide at the body and narrows toward the tip. Adult otter can be over 50 inches long and weigh up to 25 lbs. Otter are carnivores, feeding on fish, crayfish, frogs, insects, small mammals, mollusks, and blue crabs.
Creates beds of cut vegetation. Sometimes digs volley ball-sized bank dens at water's edge.
Brown marmorated stink bug
Again, the major difference is the number of legs. If you notice this insect, count its legs. Are there six of them? Great! Then it’s not a tick!
Besides, these insects are larger being 1.7 cm long, and nearly the same wide. In addition, they have a well-recognizable shield-like shape that is hard to mistaken to anything else.
One more distinction is their elongated snout that has long antennae.
Picture from Rutgers – New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station
Small Bed Bug Treatment
Small Bug Spray
There is not anything worse than having an insect infestation.
Earlier than you name your local exterminator, a fine bug spray may be all that you need to terminate the trouble and fall asleep soundly once more.
A powerful bug spray will assist kill bugs and insect eggs in and around your private home, and prevent any destiny bugs from traveling your own home.
All you need to do is spray the repellent in and around your home and allow the area to dry earlier than youngsters and pets re-enter.
There is some spray for bed bugs :
- Ortho Home Defense MAX Insect Killer Spray for Indoor and Home Perimeter.
- Eco-Defense Organic Home Pest Control Spray All Natural Insect Killer.
- Talstar Pro Multi-Use Insecticide.
- Orange Guard Water Based Indoor/Outdoor Home Pest Control.
- Raid House and Garden Bug Killer.
Small Bug Powder
One of the most comfortable product to apply is powder for killing the bug. Most powders are non-poisonous and are innocent to people and pets.
Deadly to the bugs. Constantly observe the label to ensure the powder is non-poisonous and safe to use on beds, fixtures, and rugs.
The powder is easy to apply.
The powder just wants to make a touch to cast off the insects, even as one of the kind options need to eat up.
It sincerely works via protecting the outside of the insects, which eventually kills them through the manner of dehydration.
Sprinkle the powder below the sheets, in among the mattresses, and in any regions wherein they may have been spotted.
Sprinkle the powder on rugs, beneath and around the theft of the bed, and in any cracks and crevices. Those insects are small and skinny and are known for hiding in small regions.
Carefully unfold the powder in exposed cracks and crevices the use of a small paint brush. Make sure to unfold the powder in an excellent, skinny layer.
Use a small broom or brush to spread the powder in larger regions.
If the powder is left in clumps, they’ll keep away from the place.
Bugs were as soon as a commonplace public fitness pest international but declined in occurrence via the mid-20th century.
But, bed bugs have passed through a dramatic, worldwide resurgence considering the fact that they’ve now evolved resistance to common insecticides.
Mattress insects are one of the wonderful tourists of the world and are effortlessly transported via baggage, apparel, bedding, and furnishings.
To dispose of bed creepy crawlies, act at the principal side effects of pervasion and utilize an included bug control approach including aversion, sanitation, and chemical remedy.
The bug can be persistent so that you’ll need to demonstrate an extra stage of persistence if you want to remove them.
Bugs are very hard to do away with. They commonly require a strategic technique to the usage of more than one strategies to completely eliminate them from your house when they have set up an infestation.
That is why it is critical to contact a professional who’s knowledgeable and trained in bed bug manage to check out your house and decide the exceptional remedy methods.
What Are Those Small Flies in My House: Drain, Fruit or Phorid Flies?
Flies are a nuisance for everyone who owns a kitchen, especially the tiny variety of insects that lurks around your kitchen sink. These tiny flies can accumulate in large numbers and, though mostly harmless, are incredibly irritating.
There are several species of small fly that breed in drains and, given the similarity in their appearance, can be tricky to tell apart. However, accurate identification is key for control, as different fly species require different approaches for effective extermination.
So, how can you work out which type you’re dealing with – are those drain flies, fruit flies or phorid flies in your sink?
Drain flies (aka moth flies)
As their nickname suggests, drain flies look like tiny moths. These irritating sink flies can congregate in large numbers around drains and you may also find them hanging out on walls, ceilings, and windowsills in your kitchen.
Drain flies are tiny, fuzzy insects with dark-colored bodies and wings. Their wings appear disproportionally large for their bodies and are covered in tiny scales, which explode into dust when swatted. Drain flies can often be found relaxing on the walls and ceilings of your kitchen and will fly short distances when disturbed. Their larvae are small, gray and easy to miss, though you may see them wriggling around in the water in your sink or grain.
Where do they live?
These tiny flies love moisture and are happiest in stagnant water. Their eggs and larvae are most often found in the slimy film that develops on the sides of drains and on the surface of the water in blocked drains. They can also breed in drain pans, in the pipes of air conditioners and in the surface film of infrequently used tanks and toilets.
How can you get rid of drain flies?
Getting rid of drain flies is mercifully simple but first, you must locate their breeding grounds which, due to the inconspicuous appearance of their larvae, can be easy to miss.
One way to check for drain flies is to apply a light coating of oil to the inside of a clear plastic cup and invert this over your drains. If you have drain flies, you will see them stuck to the inside of the cup in a matter of days.
Once you’ve identified a drain fly breeding site, pour boiling water down the drain for short-term control, then clean the drain thoroughly to eliminate them completely.
How can you prevent drain flies?
The best way to prevent drain flies is to keep your drains clean and to remove other breeding sites around your home. This will stop drain flies from moving in and laying eggs in your sink.
If you are seeing lots of very small flies in your house, chances are they’re fruit flies. The fruit fly is a fan of ripe and rotting fruits and veggies, so they’re most common during late summer and fall. They usually find their way indoors on food items brought in from the garden, though they may also get in through windows and doors. Although relatively harmless, fruit flies carry harmful bacteria (such as E.coli, salmonella, and listeria) on their bodies and may contaminate the food they land on.
Fruit flies are tiny (around 1/8” long) and have tan or yellowish bodies. They have six legs, clear wings, and bright red eyes. Look for them buzzing around unrefrigerated fruits and vegetables in your kitchen!
Where do they live?
Fruit flies are highly attracted to unrefrigerated, perishable products and are most commonly found hanging out among bananas, onions and other fruit and veg items. However, they also can (and will) breed around drains, garbage disposals, and trash containers.
How can you get rid of fruit flies?
Fruit flies breed at an alarming speed and can take over your kitchen in no time at all. If an infestation moves in, the only way to eliminate them is to remove all breeding sites from your kitchen. Ripe produce should be eaten or stored in the refrigerator, drains should be kept squeaky clean and trash should be emptied regularly.
When disposing of food waste, wrap it up thoroughly to prevent the bugs from finding it in your trash.
To kill fruit flies buzzing around your kitchen, you can consider using an aerosol bug spray to take down the adults.
How can you prevent fruit flies?
Fruit flies thrive on ripe and rotting produce. To keep them out of your house, make sure you store all fruits and vegetables in the fridge to avoid tempting in flies. If you have fruit flies coming in through your doors or windows, consider installing screens to stop them.
Phorid flies are another species of tiny fly that can be found throughout the world. Their main food source is decaying organic material, especially decomposing animals. The phorid fly has earned the grim nickname of ‘coffin fly’ because of their occasional presence around human caskets.
Phorid flies may be tiny, but they have several distinguishing features that make them easier to identify. If you look closely, you will notice that the phorid fly has a humped back and will often walk or run along surfaces in a jerky, erratic way.
Where do they live?
Phorid flies lay their eggs in decomposing plant or animal material. Therefore, they are most likely to show up in your home if there is a dead rodent or a rotting bag of potatoes or onions nearby. They are also commonly found in drains and cracked septic tanks and lines.
How can you get rid of phorid flies?
Phorid fly control primarily involves removing their breeding grounds. Seek out and discard all rotting veggies and other organic matter from your home, before setting to work on cleaning your drains.
Unfortunately, hot water will not kill phorid flies. Instead, drains must be scrubbed thoroughly to remove the slimy layer within, which is where phorid flies lay their eggs. Once you’ve gotten rid of their breeding grounds, phorid flies will usually disappear in a matter of days.
How can you prevent phorid flies?
The best way to prevent phorid flies is to be vigilant about cleaning your kitchen. Never leave bags of vegetables (especially onions and potatoes) to rot, take out the trash regularly and clean your drains often to prevent slime from building up.
What are these tiny little flies in my house? Most people will experience a sink fly invasion at some point, but getting rid of these pesky bugs is only possible if you know what you’re dealing with. Drain flies, fruit flies, and phorid flies may all look very similar to one another, but each insect has different habits and requires a targeted approach for effective extermination.
Can they live in house plants? Should I get rid of my house plants just in case? I have treated my plants with neem oil, soap, water and diatomaceous earth on top. I’m so nervous that these flies will come back. I live in an apartment and they seems to have come from the basement but I still see a few in the week, a month later. A lot less but a few nonetheless.
Is it possible you’re dealing with fungus gnats? You can read more about them in this article. You’ll also find some useful advice there.
We have an infestation of drain flies and moths. For some reason they are attracted to me. How do I get away? Is there something that I can put on my body to keep them away
We suggest reading our article about moths. As for drain flies, you can try pouring boiling water once or twice a day for about a week. You can also look up some DIY solutions. One of such would be a mixture of baking soda, vinegar, and salt which should be left in the drain overnight. Good luck!
How to Identify Insect Bites by Pictures
If you’ve got an itchy or swollen insect bite, chances are you are itching to get rid of it as soon as possible. Identifying the bite can help diagnose how to remedy it, or at least give you peace of mind about the severity of the bite. By using pictures, be they from a bug book or online source, you can easily identify a bug bite to ensure that you take proper care of it and don’t require medical attention.
Check out the actual bite itself, and see if there are one or two holes. If it is two holes, you may want to focus on photos of spider bites, as these typically leave two tiny holes, whereas one hole can indicate another kind of bug. Spider bites can also leave one hole behind, instead of two, so you may still be dealing with a spider culprit even if you only see one hole at the bite area.
How to Identify Insect & Mite Bites
Look at the coloration of skin around the bite area. It may, for example, be red, white or even purple. Compare it to pictures from your book or online to find a few that match the coloration of skin around the bite.
Check out the swelling of your bite as well, and use that in hand with the coloration of the area to narrow down your results using the pictures you have selected. For example, you may have a photo with similar coloring, but your bite is much more swollen, so look to the photo that has both the swelling and coloration you have.
How to Identify Insect Bites With Bruising
Research the bugs that have made the bites in the photos you found that match your bite 1. Find out what regions they reside in and figure out whether, depending on areas you have visited, you could have been exposed to one of them. Chances are you will find one and that is probably the culprit.
If you’ve narrowed the bite down to a few photos and are having trouble singling out which type of bug made your bite, consult your doctor, who can not only help diagnose, but may also help give you medication for a more speedy recovery. Always protect yourself from bites by using bug spray before going into areas where you know there will be a lot of bug life.
If your bite begins to spread rapidly in redness, presents with intense pain, pus or red streaks, seek medical attention immediately. If you’ve been bitten and begin to feel dizzy, nauseous, swollen or have difficulty breathing, seek medical help immediately, as you may have a severe allergy to the bite.
Large Roaches (1.5"-or more)
The American roach is reddish-brown, about 1.5 inches long or longer, winged, but seldom fly. American Roaches are also known as a "water bug" or "palmetto bug". They will fly when temperatures are above 85 degrees.
Habits and Biology
The American female roach will drop her egg capsule near a food source or protected area.
As the American cockroaches mature they become more reddish-brown in appearance.
Sanitation & Exclusion
Exclusion techniques: caulking and screening for the American cockroach.
Sanitation: Eliminate food, moisture, and harborage areas available to the roaches.
American Roach Control Measures
Generally speaking, control measures should concentrate on the outside of the building and points of entry of the American Roach.
This is called a "perimeter or barrier" treatment.
They can be identified by yellow stripes along the outer front edge of the wings. In Florida, they are commonly called "palmetto bug", just like the American Roach. The Australian roach is often confused with the American roach.
Habits and Biology
The Austrailan Roach is mainly found in the southern United States, but can be found in the northern states in greenhouses (where humidity is present). They are good fliers.They will enter buildings where their is enough food, humidity and heat available.
Sanitation & Exclusion
Practice exclusion techniques such as sealing any cracks, gaps or openings with caulking compound, putty or plastic wood. Eliminate pet food outside. Maintain tight fitting screens, doors and windows.
Australian Roach Control Measures
Generally speaking, control measures should concentrate on the outside of the building and points of entry of the Austalian Roach.
This is called a "perimeter or barrier" treatment.
Oriental roaches are shiny black and are about 1.25 inches long. They have wings but can not fly. The total length for the female is 1 ¼" and 1" for the male.
Habits and Biology
Oriental roaches can be found in damp areas such as crawl spaces and basements, as well as kitchens. These roaches can live in low temperature ranges, living in protected sites during the winter.
During drought time or unseasonably cold weather, they may move inside your home.
Sanitation & Exclusion
Caulk all penetrations through ground level walls. Stop water leaks, screen equipment overflow drains, and take overflow water away from buildings keep drain traps full or capped.
Oriental Roach Control Measures
Generally speaking, control measures with a residual insecticide, such as LambdaStar Ultra Cap 9.7 should concentrate on the outside of the building and points of entry. This is called a "perimeter or barrier" treatment.
This roach is slightly smaller than the American cockroach and they have a uniform mahogany color. These roaches fly at night toward lights.
Habits and Biology
Smokybrown roaches as a tropical cockroach are not all over the USA.
They are common in central and east Texas,
Gulf Coast, throughout Florida
and up the eastern seaboard.
Sanitation & Exclusion
Although the Smokybrown roach has many places to habitat outside, it will enter if there is an entry point. Seal as many cracks and crevices as possible.
Ventilate moist places. Control measures should concentrate on the outside of the building and points of entry of the Smokybrown Roach.
Smokeybrown Roach Control Measures
You may use concentrated residual sprays for Smokybrown Cockroach Control: inside or outside. Spray a 3-6 foot band around the entire house. Spray outside around doors, windows, pipe openings, and dryer vents.
Woods roaches are very similar
in appearance to the American roach They are slightly smaller than the American Cockroach, about 3/4 to 1 1/4 inch long.
Habits and Biology
The woods roach normal habitat is moist woodland areas, but they frequently become a household nuisance because they wander into or are carried into houses, with firewood, etc.
Sanitation & Exclusion
The insecticides used with success against other cockroach species are of very limited benefit against wood roaches. Exclusion techniques that prevent wood roach entry should be considered.
Wood Roach Control Measures
Occasionally, populations can build in crawl spaces under the house. Generally speaking, control measures should concentrate on the outside of the building and points of entry. This is called a "perimeter or barrier" treatment.
*These photographs of the American, Smoky, and Woods cockroaches are courtesy of:
University of Lincoln-Nebraska Dept. of Entomology
Supplement: MGK's PDF of Roach Identification for a quick comparison glance.
Supplementary Text and Figures
Supplementary Figures 1–5, Supplementary Tables 1–2 and Supplementary Methods (PDF 1464 kb)
Supplementary Movie 1
Movie of the PMR in zebrafish embryos in a petri dish at low magnification. (MOV 262 kb)
Supplementary Movie 2
Movie of the PMR at higher magnification. (MOV 455 kb)
Supplementary Movie 3
Movie of the PMR behavior at 30 hpf, showing that animals do not normally respond to a second pulse of light. (MOV 365 kb)
Supplementary Movie 4
Movie of the robotic screening hardware delivering light pulses to the individual wells of a 96-well plate. (MOV 594 kb)
Supplementary Movie 5
Movie of an untreated control well in the ETR assay. (MOV 444 kb)
Supplementary Movie 6
Movie of the slow to relax (STR) phenotype in a well treated with STR-1 during the ETR assay. (MOV 447 kb)