Cytoplasm: Important Cell Functions
What is cytoplasm - definition
In the cells of eukaryotes there is a space between the plasma membrane and the nuclear membrane. This space is called cytoplasm.
Cytoplasm is composed of hyaloplasma, a colloidal (viscous) matter. In cytoplasm we find cell organelles (components of an animal cell).
Main functions of animal cell cytoplasm:
- Favors the cell structure, maintaining its consistency and shape.
- Storage of chemicals essential for the maintenance of life.
Cytoplasmic organelles of animal cells:
- Lysosomes: participate in the digestion of organic substances.
- Vacuoles: present in protozoa, participate in intracellular digestion.
- Smooth endoplasmic reticulum: has the functions of performing lipid synthesis, besides transporting and storing substances.
- Rough endoplasmic reticulum: performs protein synthesis.
- Centrioles: participate in cell division in addition to causing flagella and eyelashes.
- Golgi Complex: Performs cellular secretion, forms the acrosome and lysosome.
- Ribosomes: perform protein synthesis.
- Peroxisomes: process oxidative reactions, acting on detoxification of cells.
- Mitochondria: do cellular respiration.